Presdales School strives to develop the literacy skills of all students and recognises the importance of these to the participation of the individual within society and the educative process. Literacy is not just about reading and writing – speaking and listening is a part of it too. A range of literacy skills are needed in society and a school plays a key role in developing those skills.
Developing reading and writing is the responsibility of all teachers in the school and therefore all departments should specify in their policies, how they fulfil their relevant responsibility. All subject teachers should include literacy issues in their schemes of work and unit planning.
Students should be members of a stimulating reading community which extends from the classroom to the school and the wider community. Students should be actively encouraged to develop their reading and writing skills.
The school strives to develop the following skills as essential parts of literacy:
- To read and write with confidence, fluency, and understanding.
- To be able to use a range of reading cues (phonic, graphic, syntactic, contextual) to monitor their own reading and correct their own mistakes.
- To understand the sound and spelling system and use this to read and spell accurately
- To have fluent legible handwriting
- To plan, draft, revise and edit their own writing
- To have an interest in words and their meaning and a growing vocabulary
- To understand use and be able to read a range of non fiction texts
- To have a suitable technical vocabulary through which to understand and discuss their reading and writing
- To be interested in books, read with enjoyment and evaluate and justify preferences
- To develop powers of imagination, inventiveness and critical awareness through reading and writing
Departments will support the development of student literacy according to their own areas of focus.
The manner in which these skills are developed will vary according to the subject being taught. They will, however, be informed by the following guidelines:
Speaking and Listening
Departments should ensure students:
- take part in whole class and small group discussions
- take part in paired discussions
- give presentations to the whole class
- participate in question and answer sessions
- encourage pupils to read aloud where appropriate
- teach skimming and scanning techniques
- provide pupils with a glossary of subject specific terms to assist reading
- teach pupils to distinguish between fact and opinion
- develop strategies to help students to read with greater understanding
- teach pupils to locate and use information independently
- teach pupils to follow an argument, summarise and synthesise
- display key words used in their subject
- help pupils to understand and learn subject specific vocabulary
- correct basic spelling, punctuation and grammar as appropriate
- make pupils aware of the idea of audience
- help pupils to plan and organise their work effectively
- ensure that pupils present work consistently in terms of heading date underlining etc
- encourage pupils to plan draft and reflect on their writing
In addition to the above as part of Presdales’ commitment to literacy all students in KS3 will read in form time for a minimum 20 minutes per week.